Health

How to prevent bronchospasm in people with asthma or COPD?

Bronchospasm is a feature of asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Bronchospasm is the underlying core issue in both diseases. Bronchospasm is a state where your bronchi narrowed. Bronchospasm is responsible for many signs and symptoms of asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Prevention of both diseases is equivalent to preventing bronchospasm. Bronchospasm treatment is the right treatment to manage either asthma, COPD, or other related respiratory diseases that you suffering from.

Asthma is a chronic condition that usually diagnosed early in life. They are mostly diagnosed before the age of seven. This condition varies in severity, has multiple signs and symptoms, and a list of complications. Asthma is a life-threatening disease in certain countries with inadequate health facilities.  

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an airway disease characterized by a reduction in airflow. Five per cent of the global population suffer from this medical condition. This condition also has a high death rate. In the United States, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) ranked fourth in causing death. 120,000 deaths are reported each year in America. The number of new cases annually is also high. This disease is draining the resources of many countries as the cost to manage Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients are costly.

It’s always better to prevent rather than cure. First, you must know the symptoms of asthma. They are:

  • Rapid breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest indrawings
  • Cough
  • Bluish discolouration of the skin or mouth
  • Skin lesions(eczema)
  • Symptoms worsen at night and early morning
  • Noisy breathing
  • Symptoms worsen by exercise

Prevention is better than cure. Avoiding the triggers and allergens will help in preventing an asthma attack. The triggers and allergens are:

  • Cold weather
  • Exercise
  • Dust mite
  • Pet dander
  • Moulds
  • Certain food
  • Pollens
  • Cigarette 
  • Fumes from perfumes or cleaning agents
  • Certain medications like antihypertensives

After knowing when to act and what to avoid, let’s go through other ways to prevent and fight asthma. They are:

  • Asthma diary
  • Compliance to follow-ups and check-ups
  • Proper techniques in using inhalers
  • Consume medications on time

Smoking, passive smoking, biomass fuel use, and exposure to certain harmful gases are the main causes of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). 

The clinical features of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease are:

  • Shortness of breath  
  • Limitation in daily activities
  • Long-standing cough
  • Increase in sputum production
  • Wheezing
  • Fatigue
  • Chest tightness
  • Signs of lung hyperinflation
  • Decreased breath sounds
  • Nicotine and tar stain on fingers
  • Finger clubbing

Doctors will proceed with investigations if clinically you are suspected to have Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). The investigations are:

  • Lung spirometry
  • Blood investigations
  • Other pulmonary function tests
  • Chest x-ray
  • CT scan of the chest

Home treatments for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) are:

  • Short-acting Beta-2 agonists inhalers
  • Short-acting anticholinergic inhalers
  • Oral corticosteroids
  • Stop smoking
  • Supplementary oxygen therapy
  • Nutritional support
  • Antibiotic for certain patients

The prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) exacerbations are:

  • Smoking cessation
  • Lung rehabilitation
  • Prophylaxis antibiotic
  • Vitamin D supplements

The following factors contribute to poor prognosis:

  • Active smoker
  • HIV infection
  • Low Body Mass Index(BMI)
  •  High bacterial load within the airway
  • Reduced exercise capacity
  • Male
  • Presence of emphysema

Bronchospasm treatment in Malaysia is the right treatment to manage either asthma, COPD, or other related respiratory diseases that you suffering from.

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